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News from China
European Parliament debates China market economy status
2nd February 2016

The European Parliament (EP) on Monday debated whether the European Union should recognize China as a market economy.

 
China joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2001. The WTO accession protocol means China will automatically transit to a market economy for Europe by Dec. 11, 2016 -- the 15th anniversary of its accession to the organization.
 
However, Europe insists on having it debated. Some WTO members, such as Australia, have already recognized China as a market economy in their law.
 
China achieving MES would make it much harder for discriminatory measures against its exports, such as the so-called "anti-dumping" operations by the EU.
 
In a report to the European Commission (EC), trade commissioner Cecilia Malmstrom pointed out that 1.38 percent of imports from China into the EU are currently affected by anti-dumping investigations.
 
The EC is conducting a full impact assessment on the potential effects of China achieving MES.
 
Helmut Scholz of the left wing GUE/NGL party suggested that the EU negotiate with China outside the WTO to strike a bilateral anti-dumping agreement.
 
Swedish center-right member Christofer Fjellner said the issue was not whether China should achieve MES but respect for China as a member of the WTO and respect for international trade rules.
 
"We have to present a proposal that respects the rules, doesn't provoke a trade conflict with China, and is politically implementable," he said.
 
Speaking for the liberal ALDE group, Dutch MEP Marietje Schaake said some EU politicians have already taken an emotional stance on the issue "to put forward their own protectionist positions, but they seem to forget that the EU has importers as well as exporters who also provide jobs," she said.
Source: Xinhua
Chinese premier, IMF chief discuss economic, financial situation over phone
29th January 2016

Chinese Premier Li Keqiang on Thursday talked with International Monetary Fund (IMF) Managing Director Christine Lagarde on the phone upon her request about the global economic and financial situation and that in China.

Li said that the world economy, which is in the middle of deep adjustments, remains in a complicated situation, weighed down by a weak recovery and rising uncertainties. An international consensus has emerged on the need to bolster growth, take forward restructuring and enhance cooperation.
 
Li said that China's economy has been deeply integrated into the global economy. Alongside the slow-down in growth of the world economy and trade and heightened volatility in international financial markets, China's ability to deliver a medium-high growth of 6.9 percent, solid employment, higher income and savings growth than gross domestic product, and steadily improving environment last year came as no mean feat.
 
The Chinese premier pointed out that reform holds the key to China's development.
 
In the face of downward pressure on the global economy and deep-seated imbalances at home, China will toughen its resolve, rise to the challenge, and tap into the huge potential, resilience and room for maneuvering of the Chinese economy through a combination of policy measures, he said.
 
"While expanding aggregate demand in an appropriate way, we will vigorously pursue structural reform, particularly supply-side structural reforms," he said.
 
The premier said China will continue to implement a proactive fiscal policy and prudent monetary policy, push forward the innovation-driven development strategy, and encourage mass entrepreneurship and innovation to unleash people's enthusiasm and creativity.
All these will help to generate new and stronger impetus for development and upgrade traditional growth drivers, making it possible for China to maintain continued steady growth of its economy, he said.
 
When talking about the RMB exchange rate, Li stressed that the Chinese government has no intention of boosting exports by devaluing the yuan. Still less would China go for a trade war. The fact is the RMB exchange rate has remained basically stable against a basket of currencies. And there is no basis for continuous depreciation of the RMB.
 
"We will press ahead with the reform of the RMB exchange rate formation mechanism in line with the principles of independence, gradualism and controllability, enhance communication with the market, and keep the RMB exchange rate basically stable at an adaptive and equilibrium level," he said.
 
Li commended the active role the IMF has played over the years in boosting global growth and maintaining financial stability. He said that the Chinese government will deepen dialogue with the IMF and other international institutions on economic development and macro policies, and work with other countries and parties to send positive signals for world economic recovery and growth and strengthen market confidence.
 
Lagarde expressed confidence in the steady growth of the Chinese economy through the implementation of such effective measures as robust macro policies, structural reform, a coherent exchange rate policy, and enhanced communication with the market.
 
The IMF will step up communication and cooperation with China to jointly convey to the market the commitment to reform and confidence in growth, she said.
 
Source: Xinhua
Premier Li urges more financial support for industrial upgrades
28th January 2016

Premier Li Keqiang on Wednesday called for more financial support for industrial upgrades as the country strives to restructure its economy.

"Making good,creative use of financial tools to support industrial upgrades is an important way for the financial sector to better serve the real economy," read a statement issued after an executive meeting of the State Council chaired by Premier Li.
 
The government will encourage financial institutions to offer credit support to high and new tech enterprises, major technical equipment manufacturers, and projects that aim to strengthen China's industrial foundation, the statement said.
 
China expects more financial support in the shape of "green loans" that help enterprises improve energy efficiency and boost trade of pollution discharge right, the statement said.
 
The government encourages enterprises to raise money to reform old growth drivers through merger and revamping. Big enterprises will receive support for creating venture capital fund while local governments will help cover or compensate the bank guarantee when small and medium-enterprises seek funding, according to the statement.
 
Financial support will phase out for those enterprises that are mired in long-term losses, fail to meet environment or safety standards and with no prospect of amelioration, and whose production capacity is outmoded, the statement said.
 
The government will continue to straighten arbitrary and unreasonable financial charges, and at the same time support banks to deal with non-performing loans as soon as possible to defuse financial risks, the statement said.
 
To help realize medium and high-end manufacturing, an important part of China's supply-side structural reform, breakthroughs in connecting "made in China" with "the Internet" are needed, the statement said. The government will promote digitized, Internet-based and intelligent manufacturing in a bid to create new business models and products.
 
A fund that supports the implementation of the "Made in China 2025" plan will be established, the statement said, without elaborating on the exact amount. A number of major technological transformation projects will start.
 
China will strengthen its national standards to facilitate the production of high quality products to meet the needs of consumers, the statement said, adding that the country will work for closer international cooperation.
 
Burdens on enterprises will be further reduced. From February 1, the government will cut, cancel or streamline various charges including new vegetable plot development fees and price adjustment fund. The exemption threshold for education and water conservancy taxes will be raised to a monthly revenue of 100,000 yuan (15,200 U.S. dollars) from the current 30,000 yuan. The new measure translates to an annual saving of 26 billion yuan for enterprises, the statement said.
 
The meeting also highlighted the importance to taking care of left-behind children, whose parents work away from home and rarely spend time with their children.
 
The family should have the main responsibility of raising children while local governments, village committees and philanthropic organizations must work to ensure their safety and education, read the statement.
 
The government will do more to crack down on illegal activities that harm left-behind children and reduce the number of these children by helping migrant workers be admitted into cities or to start their own businesses in the countryside.
 
Source: Xinhua
Premier solicits opinions on gov't work report, 13th Five-Year Plan
27th January 2016

Premier Li Keqiang on Monday held a symposium to solicit opinions on the draft of the annual government work report and the country's 13th Five-Year Plan.

Participants at the symposium include leaders of non-Communist political parties, officials of the All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce, and prominent figures without party affiliation.
 
Wan E'xiang, leader of the Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang made proposals on the promotion of law-based governance and using hi-tech to modernize agriculture.
 
Leaders of other non-Communist parties made suggestions on people-oriented urbanization, reform of the medical system, international cooperation in production capacity and innovation, and the utilization of urban underground space, among others.
 
Wang Qinmin, chair of the All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce, said more importance should be attached to the non-public sector and effective private investment.
 
Chen Zhangliang, a representative for those without party affiliation, talked about mass entrepreneurship and innovation as well as social services.
 
Li thanked the participants and pledged that their inputs will be treated seriously.
 
"The international situation China faces this year is graver, and this will affect the Chinese economy from many aspects. China should firmly keep development its the top priority," Li said.
 
Li will deliver the final work report at the annual session of the National People's Congress in March.
Source: Xinhua

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