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News from China
China releases white paper on facts and its position on trade friction with US
24th September 2018

 China published a white paper on Monday to clarify the facts about China-US economic and trade relations, demonstrate its stance on trade friction with the United States, and pursue reasonable solutions.

Excluding the foreword, the 36,000-Chinese-character white paper is comprised of six parts, which are mutually-beneficial and win-win China-US cooperation in the trade and economic field, clarification of the facts about China-US trade and economic relations, the trade protectionist practices of the US administration, the trade bullyism practices of the US administration, damage of the improper practices of the US administration to global economy, and China's position.

China is the world's biggest developing country and the United States is the biggest developed country, said the white paper. "Trade and economic relations between China and the United States are of great significance for the two countries as well as for the stability and development of the world economy."

The white paper said the two countries are at different stages of development and have different economic systems, and therefore some level of trade friction is only natural. "The key, however, lies in how to enhance mutual trust, promote cooperation, and manage differences."

In the spirit of equality, rationality, and moving to meet each other halfway, the two countries have set up a number of communication and coordination mechanisms such as the Joint Commission on Commerce and Trade, the Strategic and Economic Dialogue, and the Comprehensive Economic Dialogue, the white paper said.

Each has made tremendous efforts over the past 40 years to overcome all kinds of obstacles and move economic and trade relations forward, which has served as the ballast and propeller of the overall bilateral relationship, according to the white paper.

However, the new administration of the US government has trumpeted "America First" since taking office in 2017, and has abandoned the fundamental norms of mutual respect and equal consultation that guide international relations, said the white paper.

"Rather, it has brazenly preached unilateralism, protectionism and economic hegemony, making false accusations against many countries and regions, particularly China, intimidating other countries through economic measures such as imposing tariffs, and attempting to impose its own interests on China through extreme pressure," according to the white paper.

The white paper stressed China has responded from the perspective of the common interests of both parties as well as the world trade order, observing the principle of resolving disputes through dialogue and consultation, and answering the US concerns with the greatest level of patience and good faith.

The Chinese side has been dealing with these differences with an attitude of seeking common ground while shelving divergence, the white paper said. "It has overcome many difficulties and made enormous efforts to stabilize China-US economic and trade relations by holding rounds of discussions with the US side and proposing practical solutions."

However, the US side has been contradicting itself and constantly challenging China, the white paper said.

"As a result, trade and economic friction between the two sides has escalated quickly over a short period of time, causing serious damage to the economic and trade relations which have developed over the years through the collective work of the two governments and the two peoples, and posing a grave threat to the multilateral trading system and the principle of free trade."

The Chinese government published the white paper to clarify the facts about China-US economic and trade relations, demonstrate China's stance on trade friction with the United States, and pursue reasonable solutions.

Source: Shanghai Daily September 24, 2018
Shanghai prioritizes development of high-end manufacturing
21st September 2018

 Shanghai's hosting of the ongoing 2018 China International Industrial Fair after the 2018 World Artificial Intelligence Conference indicates the importance the city places on the development of high-end manufacturing. 

 
Li Qiang, Shanghai’s Party secretary, told the opening ceremony of the 2018 CIIF that in order to promote the development of intelligent manufacturing industry, the city will focus on integrating the manufacturing industry with the information industry by tapping information technologies such as the Internet, big data and artificial intelligence.
 
Zhou Bo, Shanghai’s Deputy Mayor, said that as the biggest economic center and the biggest beneficiary from the reform and opening-up of China, Shanghai’s strongest advantage is that it is an open city welcoming new ideas, innovation and talent from all over the world. He made his remark during the 40th Anniversary of China’s Reform and Opening-up: Forum for International Cooperation in Manufacturing, one of the important forums during the 2018 CIIF.
 
He stressed that to support its goal of developing a high-end manufacturing industry, Shanghai will strive to provide a conducive business environment for foreign and domestic enterprises.
 
The CIIF, which opened in Shanghai on Wednesday, will unveil nearly 300 new technologies. There will be over 50 themetic forums and more than 30 industrial and enterprise forums
Source: Shanghai Daily, September 21, 2018
Consumption contributes to nearly 80% of China's GDP growth
20th September 2018

 Consumption has grown into China's largest power for growth, making up nearly 80 percent of the country's GDP growth, according to a special session of the 2018 China Development Forum held this Monday.

 
China's economy is now less dependent on capital input and foreign trade, the session said, predicting that the consumption market will further boost the country's economic growth.
 
The role of consumption in China's GDP growth has changed dramatically over the past seven to eight years, previously contributing less than 50 percent of China's economic growth.
 
Mao Shengyong, spokesperson of China's National Bureau of Statistics, once disclosed that internal demand was a decisive factor for China's economic growth, and consumption played a major role in China's internal demand.
 
In addition, the upgrading of China's consumption market is also driving the country's economic development.
 
Zong Qinghou, chairman and CEO of Hangzhou Wahaha Group, the leading beverage company in China, noted that between 300 to 400 million Chinese people are middle-class income earners who are relatively well-off. As such, this group are developing toward higher-level consumption, and in turn China's consumption market has growing potential, Zong added.
Source: China Daily, September 20, 2018
China retaliates with tariffs on American items worth US$60b
19th September 2018

 China announced yesterday that it will impose additional tariffs on American products worth US$60 billion from next Monday in response to the newly announced US tariffs on Chinese goods.

 
The Customs Tariff Commission of the State Council unveiled lists of 3,571 items of US products to be subject to additional tariffs of 10 percent, and lists of another 1,636 items to be subject to additional tariffs of 5 percent.
 
The willful decision of the United States government has led to the escalation of trade friction between the two countries. China was forced to take countermeasures in defense of free trade and multilateral system, and its own legitimate rights and interests, the commission said in a statement.
 
If the US side continues to do so, China will respond in kind, it added.
 
China has no choice but to respond to the US unilateralism and trade protectionism with tariffs in order to stop the friction from escalating.
 
China hopes the US side will stop frictions from expanding and jointly safeguard bilateral trade ties through equal, honest and pragmatic dialogue, on the basis of mutual respect and mutual benefits, the statement added.
 
That will also serve to defend the free trade principle and multilateral trade system, and global economic prosperity and development, it said.
 
The US, disregarding overwhelming international and domestic opposition, made the announcement on Monday to impose additional 10 percent tariffs on US$200 billion worth of Chinese products from next Monday and said it will take other escalating tariff measures.
 
Also yesterday, China filed an additional complaint with the World Trade Organization against the US decision, under the Section 301 investigation, the Ministry of Commerce announced.
 
The Trump administration’s move came under intense fire as US business leaders and trade experts voiced their loud opposition.
 
US Chamber of Commerce President and CEO Thomas Donohue, in a statement, slammed the tariffs as anti-growth. “The US economy runs on pro-growth policies, but that’s not what tariffs on US$200 billion worth of Chinese goods deliver,” he said.
 
Donohue recalled a six-day hearing in August where more than 300 American businesses and trade organizations pleaded with US trade officials to rescind additional tariffs on Chinese goods, using statistics and props to show that the reasoning behind such measures were ill-founded.
 
“Today’s decision makes clear that the administration did not heed the numerous warnings from American consumers and businesses about rising costs and lost jobs on Main Street, in factories, and on farms and ranches across the country,” Donohue said.
 
Hun Quach, vice president of the trade group Retail Industry Leaders Association, who has appeared repeatedly before trade officials to argue against tariffs, said in a statement that her organization was “extremely discouraged by the administration’s announcement to levy tariffs on millions of products American consumers buy every day.”
 
“Tariffs are a tax on American families. Consumers — not China — will bear the brunt of these tariffs and American farmers and ranchers will see the harmful effects of retaliation worsen,” Quach said.
 
Dean Garfield, CEO of the Information Technology Industry Council, called the additional tariffs “reckless.”
 
“President (Donald) Trump’s decision to impose an additional US$200 billion (in goods) is reckless and will create lasting harm to communities across the country,” he said in a statement. “If implemented, these tariffs will have both short and long-term effects on the US — from increased prices at the checkout counter to decreased leadership on the emerging technologies that will shape our future.”
 
Gary Shapiro, representing the Consumer Technology Association, said: “Today’s retaliatory tariffs are not an effective trade policy and may violate US law. Congress has not given the President or the USTR (US Trade Representative) a blank check to pursue a trade war. These new retaliatory tariffs run afoul of the carefully tailored provisions of the Trade Act of 1974, which require any action to be within the scope of the Section 301 investigation.”
Source: Shanghai Daily, September 19, 2018

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