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News from China
China's manufacturing PMI edges down in November
30th November 2018

 BEIJING - The purchasing managers' index (PMI) for China's manufacturing sector came in at 50 this month, down from 50.2 in October, official data showed Friday.

 
A reading above 50 indicates expansion, while a reading below reflects contraction.
 
The purchasing managers' index for China's non-manufacturing sector came in at 53.4 in November, down from 53.9 in October, the National Bureau of Statistics says
Source: China Daily, November 30, 2018
Higher standards for key institutions
28th November 2018

 New measure aims to prevent systemic financial risks, PBOC official says 

 
China will impose tighter regulations on financial institutions identified as systemically important, requiring higher standards on supplementary capital and the leverage level, the central bank announced on Tuesday.
 
The additional regulatory requirement is to prevent systemic financial risks and enhance financial institutions' sustainability, said an official with the People's Bank of China, the central bank, in a statement on its website.
 
A "special resolution regime" will come into play when systemically important financial institutions fail or have financial difficulties, to ensure the failure will not affect the whole financial system. "That is the key arrangement to solve the 'too big to fail' issue," said the official.
 
The bailout fund, if the financial institutions fail, could be collected by themselves or through market-oriented financial channels. And the central bank will be the final source of emergency liquidity, according to the statement.
 
More details, including the standards for supplementary capital and the leverage level, could be released in the short term, said Wang Gang, a senior financial researcher at the Development Research Center of the State Council, who participated in the drafting process of a guidance document.
 
"The guidance has clarified a policy framework, and more regulations will be unveiled soon referring to some global standards," he said.
 
Some experts close to the central bank said that rules on the bankruptcy procedure of commercial banks could be a part of the special regime, to allow some banks to exist in the market without sparking systemic risks. The deposit insurance system will play a more important role in the future, they said.
 
Further requirements on financial institutions' liquidity and exposure will also be made for some institutions, according to the guidance.
 
The financial regulatory body, the Financial Stability and Development Committee, will review and update the financial name list annually. Lower-level regulatory bodies will collect financial institutions' data and assessment scores by August every year, before proposing a draft list.
 
Systemically important financial institutions include banks, securities and insurance companies. Some larger financial holding companies, if they are identified as "systemically important" by the committee, should also follow the guidance, the central bank said.
 
Systemically important financial institutions are those with large scale, complex structures and businesses, and a high connection with other financial institutions. Once they have risk exposure, their failure will influence the entire financial system. The Financial Stability Board, the global financial stability supervisor, has just completed the 2018 assessment of China's global systemically important financial institutions.
 
Source: China Daily, November 28, 2018
Higher standards for key institutions
28th November 2018

 New measure aims to prevent systemic financial risks, PBOC official says 

 
China will impose tighter regulations on financial institutions identified as systemically important, requiring higher standards on supplementary capital and the leverage level, the central bank announced on Tuesday.
 
The additional regulatory requirement is to prevent systemic financial risks and enhance financial institutions' sustainability, said an official with the People's Bank of China, the central bank, in a statement on its website.
 
A "special resolution regime" will come into play when systemically important financial institutions fail or have financial difficulties, to ensure the failure will not affect the whole financial system. "That is the key arrangement to solve the 'too big to fail' issue," said the official.
 
The bailout fund, if the financial institutions fail, could be collected by themselves or through market-oriented financial channels. And the central bank will be the final source of emergency liquidity, according to the statement.
 
More details, including the standards for supplementary capital and the leverage level, could be released in the short term, said Wang Gang, a senior financial researcher at the Development Research Center of the State Council, who participated in the drafting process of a guidance document.
 
"The guidance has clarified a policy framework, and more regulations will be unveiled soon referring to some global standards," he said.
 
Some experts close to the central bank said that rules on the bankruptcy procedure of commercial banks could be a part of the special regime, to allow some banks to exist in the market without sparking systemic risks. The deposit insurance system will play a more important role in the future, they said.
 
Further requirements on financial institutions' liquidity and exposure will also be made for some institutions, according to the guidance.
 
The financial regulatory body, the Financial Stability and Development Committee, will review and update the financial name list annually. Lower-level regulatory bodies will collect financial institutions' data and assessment scores by August every year, before proposing a draft list.
 
Systemically important financial institutions include banks, securities and insurance companies. Some larger financial holding companies, if they are identified as "systemically important" by the committee, should also follow the guidance, the central bank said.
 
Systemically important financial institutions are those with large scale, complex structures and businesses, and a high connection with other financial institutions. Once they have risk exposure, their failure will influence the entire financial system. The Financial Stability Board, the global financial stability supervisor, has just completed the 2018 assessment of China's global systemically important financial institutions.
 
Source: China Daily, November 28, 2018
China's industrial profits up 13.6% in first 10 months
27th November 2018

 Profits of China's major industrial firms grew 13.6 percent year on year in the first 10 months of 2018, down from the 14.7-percent expansion for the January-September period, the National Bureau of Statistics said Tuesday.

 
Profit in 34 of the 41 sectors surveyed increased compared with one year earlier, unchanged from that for January-September, according to the NBS.
 
In October, combined profits at industrial firms with an annual revenue of more than 20 million yuan (US$2.88 million) rose 3.6 percent year on year to 548 billion yuan, 0.5 percentage points lower than that recorded in September.
 
According to the NBS, the sectors of steel, construction materials, oil and chemicals contributed 75.7 percent to the overall industrial profit increase.
 
By the end of October, the debt-asset ratios of major industrial firms dropped 0.5 percentage points from a year earlier to 56.7 percent.
 
NBS official He Ping attributed the slowdown in October to slower growth in industrial production and product prices, as well as a high comparative base last year.
 
Operating costs and leverage ratios for industrial companies kept falling amid slower growth in industrial profits, while their profitability continued to improve, he noted.
 
In early November, the NBS reported China's value-added industrial output, an important economic indicator, saw slightly faster growth in October than the previous month.
 
The output expanded 5.9 percent year on year last month, up 0.1 percentage point from that recorded in September.
 
Industrial output, officially called industrial value added, is used to measure the activity of designated large enterprises with an annual revenue of at least 20 million yuan.
Source: Shanghai Daily, November 27, 2018

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